Students often find it difficult to concentrate when learning. However, the problem is that we have unrealistic expectations of our memory. In this “chapter” we will talk about learning techniques. We hope it will be of help to you.
What most students mistakenly think is that understanding the reading material is the same as memorizing read. Namely, they do not repeat what they read but continue to read next lessons, thinking that they have memorized them.
The key to learning is repetition. New lessons should be looked at as soon as possible, and the repetition should be done several times between the first treatment and the final repetition of the exam materials. With every repetition of the learning material, there is a growing chance for its permanent adoption.
Not only will multiple repetitions help you understand those things that you did not understand, but will also help you to remember those that you understood and forgot. Nervousness and lack of time can especially disrupt you if you do not repeat the material for a long time before the exam.
Techniques for faster memory during learning:
Acronyms and acrostics
An acronym is a fictitious combination of letters, each letter being reminded of a fact to be remembered. We can use it in situations when we need to learn the division into the text by making up a word or more words that will contain the initial letters of these divisions.
The acrostic is a fictitious sentence in which the first letter of each word should be reminded of an idea to be remembered. For example, if we need to remember the notes on the music scale – E, G, D, B, then we can invent the acrostics of the type: EMMA GOES DEEP BELOW(something).
Acronyms and acrostics serve as information that is remembered by keywords.
It is used to remember up to 20 terms. The point is to choose a place where we spend a lot of time (eg. a room) and imagine ourselves walking and always seeing the same things in the same order – for example, carpet, bed, chair, etc.
Then, we should imagine how in each of these places we put things that we need to remember. We need to always have the same direction of movement (carpet – bed – chair). For example: if you need to remember the names of the composers who have been given in a lesson (Rossini, Vivaldi, Paganini), imagine walking around the apartment and seeing Rosini reading his composition on the carpet, then reaching Vivaldi in your chair, Then you turn to the table and you see Paganini scrolling through the scattered books and scribes. It is similar to things, as well as other terms.
This is used for lists with or without order. From the terms to be remembered, try to create a short story in which each word or idea you need to remember associates with the next word or idea. If, for example, you need to remember the words: Churchill, Hands, Room, Contracts, you can think of a story in which Churchill spread his hands in a room where there is a group of people with whom he signs contracts.
Techniques of shortening
A technique that helps to reduce the amount of information, so that we get a whole that we will easily remember. For example, abbreviations CIJ (Center for Investigative Journalism), ABR (Agency for Business Registers). These abbreviations were created by taking the first letter of a particular word.
Technique linking words into a sentence
We use it when we want to remember keywords. With this technique, we put unrelated words into one logical sentence. For example, we need to remember the words business, entrepreneur, idea, market. We can remember them in the form of a sentence: For success in business, an entrepreneur must have a good idea that should be acceptable from a market perspective.
This technique is used when we need to remember a formula. For example, the strength of the force is obtained when the mass multiplied by acceleration (F = m ∙ a) can be memorized through the sentence: He was Milan and Ajax footballer.
Method of the place
Choose a space that you use frequently or through which you are constantly passing, and then point certain things or lessons from lessons visually to specific places. Whenever you look at that place, you will know what term it refers to and you will always be able to recall the material that has gone through. This space can be your room, kitchen, reading room, any place you study.
It’s also a nice technique to remember formulas, but also other things. The point is to make some verse, something that rhymes. For example, you can remember the acceleration formula through the verse. (We are good with the rhymes, so no example, sorry)
Spatial arrangement method
This method involves writing your notes from the lectures to the pages of a previously summarized learning text. This will give you a spacious schedule for memory.
If you apply these techniques, you will be able to connect an unrelated, higher number of data to a smaller number, make sense from meaningless, learn which characters to use to remember something.